Oulipo writings are influenced by the playing of games, including games with complex rules such as Chess.

References to chess, including the board-like layout of the Estate itself and moves such as "The Black King" hearken back to works such as "Life a Users Manual"

Writing is like chess – a game of chess is a potentiality of a specific rule. In fact, chess was an important point of reference for François Le Lionnais.

Jacques Jouet (Interview)